TIPS: Targeted Interventions for Proficiency in Science
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Unifying Themes in Earth Science

Atmospheric Processes and the Water Cycle (Earth and Space Science Unifying Concept A)
Earth systems have internal and external sources of energy, both of which create heat. Driven by sunlight and Earth's internal heat, a variety of cycles connect and continually circulate energy and material through the components of the earth systems.

Click here to download a practice multiple choice review sheet related to Atmospheric Process and the Water Cycle. This 2-page sheet was prepared to assist teacher and student in practicing High School Science Proficiency Exam (HSPE) style questions related to the benchmarks contained within the unifying theme of Atmospheric Process and the Water Cycle. The file contains questions, answer key, and Depth of Knowledge (DOK) coding.


Solar System and Universe (Earth and Space Science Unifying Concept B)
The universe is a dynamic system of matter and energy. The universe is extremely large and massive with its components separated by vast distances. Tools of technology will continue to aid in the investigation of the components, origins, processes and age of the universe. Earth is one part in our solar system, which is within the Milky Way galaxy. The Sun is the energy-producing star for our solar system. Most objects in our solar system are in predictable motion, resulting in phenomena such as day/night, year, phases of the moon, tides, and eclipses.

Click here to download a practice multiple choice review sheet related to Solar System and Universe. This 2-page sheet was prepared to assist teacher and student in practicing High School Science Proficiency Exam (HSPE) style questions related to the benchmarks contained within the unifying theme of Solar System and Universe. The file contains questions, answer key, and Depth of Knowledge (DOK) coding.


Earth's Composition and Structure (Earth and Space Science Unifying Concept C)
Earth is composed of materials that move through the biogeochemical cycles. Earth’s features are shaped by ongoing and dynamic processes. These processes can be constructive or destructive and occur over geologic time scales.

Click here to download a practice multiple choice review sheet related to Earth's Composition and Structure. This 2-page sheet was prepared to assist teacher and student in practicing High School Science Proficiency Exam (HSPE) style questions related to the benchmarks contained within the unifying theme of Earth's Composition and Structure. The file contains questions, answer key, and Depth of Knowledge (DOK) coding.


Earth Science Bundle
Click here to download a practice multiple choice review packet related to ALL Earth Science benchmarks. This packet was prepared to assist teacher and student in practicing Middle School Science CRT-style questions related to the benchmarks contained within the subject area of Earth Science. The file contains questions, answer key, and Depth of Knowledge (DOK) coding.